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Divergence in Eco-Physiological Responses to Drought Mirrors the Distinct Distribution of Chamerion angustifolium Cytotypes in the Himalaya-Hengduan Mountains Region
Guo, W (Guo, Wen)1,2,3,4; Yang, J (Yang, Jie)5; Sun, XD (Sun, Xu-Dong)1,2,4; Chen, GJ (Chen, Guang-Jie)6; Yang, YP (Yang, Yong-Ping)1,2,4; Duan, YW (Duan, Yuan-Wen)1,2,4; Yang, YP; Duan, YW
Source PublicationFRONTIERS IN PLANT SCIENCE
2016
Volume7Issue:0Pages:1329
DOI10.3389/fpls.2016.01329
AbstractPolyploid species generally occupy harsher habitats (characterized by cold, drought and/or high altitude) than diploids, but the converse was observed for Chamerion angustifolium, in which diploid plants generally inhabit higher altitudes than their polyploid derivatives. Plants at high altitudes may experience cold-induced water stress, and we therefore examined the physiological responses of diploid and hexaploid angustifolium to water stress to better understand the ecological differentiation of plants with different ploidy levels. We conducted a common garden experiment by subjecting seedlings of different ploidy levels to low, moderate, and severe water stress. Fourteen indicators of physiological fitness were measured, and the anatomical characteristics of the leaves of each cytotype were determined. Both cytotypes were influenced by drought, and diploids exhibited higher fitness in terms of constant root:shoot ratio (R:S ratio) and maximum quantum yield of PS II (F-v/F-m), less reduced maximal photosynthetic rate (A(max)), transpiration rate (E), intercellular CO2 concentration (C-i) and stomatal conductance (gs), and higher long-term water use efficiency (WUEL) under severe water stress than did hexaploids. Analysis of leaf anatomy revealed morphological adjustments for tolerating water deficiency in diploids, in the form of closely packed mesophyll cells and small conduits in the midvein. Our results indicate that diploid C. angustifolium is more tolerant of drought than hexaploid plants, ensuring the successful survival of the diploid at high altitudes. This eco-physiological divergence may facilitate the species with different cytotypes to colonize new and large geographic ranges with heterogeneous environmental conditions.
Subject Area植物学
WOS IDWOS:000382284000001
Language英语
Indexed BySCI
KeywordSenecio-carniolicus Asteraceae Water-stress Contact Zone Chlorophyll Fluorescence Venation Architecture Hexaploid Cytotypes Flowering Plants Xylem Cavitation Climatic Niches Eastern Alps
Cooperation Status国内
Department生态
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.itpcas.ac.cn/handle/131C11/7620
Collection图书馆
Corresponding AuthorYang, YP; Duan, YW
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, Key Lab Plant Divers & Biogeog East Asia, Kunming, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, Germplasm Bank Wild Species, Plant Germplasm & Genom Ctr, Kunming, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, Inst Tibetan Plateau Res Kunming, Kunming, Peoples R China
5.Yunnan Normal Univ, Sch Life Sci, Kunming, Peoples R China
6.Yunnan Normal Univ, Sch Tourism & Geog, Key Lab Plateau Lake Ecol & Global Change, Kunming, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Guo, W ,Yang, J ,Sun, XD ,et al. Divergence in Eco-Physiological Responses to Drought Mirrors the Distinct Distribution of Chamerion angustifolium Cytotypes in the Himalaya-Hengduan Mountains Region[J]. FRONTIERS IN PLANT SCIENCE,2016,7(0):1329.
APA Guo, W .,Yang, J .,Sun, XD .,Chen, GJ .,Yang, YP .,...&Duan, YW.(2016).Divergence in Eco-Physiological Responses to Drought Mirrors the Distinct Distribution of Chamerion angustifolium Cytotypes in the Himalaya-Hengduan Mountains Region.FRONTIERS IN PLANT SCIENCE,7(0),1329.
MLA Guo, W ,et al."Divergence in Eco-Physiological Responses to Drought Mirrors the Distinct Distribution of Chamerion angustifolium Cytotypes in the Himalaya-Hengduan Mountains Region".FRONTIERS IN PLANT SCIENCE 7.0(2016):1329.
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