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Stable isotopes and trace elements in modern ostracod shells: implications for reconstructing past environments on the Tibetan Plateau, China
Borner, N (Boerner, Nicole)1; De Baere, B (De Baere, Bart)2; Akita, LG (Akita, Lailah Gifty)3; Francois, R (Francois, Roger)2; Jochum, KP (Jochum, Klaus Peter)4; Frenzel, P (Frenzel, Peter)3; Zhu, LP (Zhu, Liping)5; Schwalb, A (Schwalb, Antje)1; Borner, N
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF PALEOLIMNOLOGY
2017
Volume58Issue:2Pages:191-211
DOI10.1007/s10933-017-9971-1
AbstractStable isotopes and trace elements in ostracod shells have been used widely in paleolimnological investigations of past lake hydrochemistry and climate because they provide insights into past water balance and solute evolution of lakes. Regional differences in lake characteristics and species-specific element fractionation, however, do not permit generalization of results from other regions or ostracod species to the southern Tibetan Plateau, in part because most common taxa from the southern Tibetan Plateau are endemic to the area. This study evaluated relations between present-day environmental conditions and the geochemical composition of modern ostracod shells from the southern Tibetan Plateau, to assess the suitability of using shell chemistry to infer hydrological conditions. We studied nine lakes and their catchments, located along a west-east transect in the south-central part of the Tibetan Plateau. Stable oxygen and carbon isotope values and trace element concentrations in recent shells from the four most abundant ostracod species (Leucocytherella sinensis, ?Leucocythere dorsotuberosa, Limnocythere inopinata, Tonnacypris gyirongensis) were measured, together with hydrochemical properties of host waters at the time of sampling. Results revealed significant between-species differences in stable isotope fractionation and trace element incorporation into shell calcite. Stable oxygen and carbon isotope values of ostracod shells were correlated significantly with the stable isotope composition of the respective water body , reflecting salinity and productivity, respectively. Offsets between delta O-18(shell) and delta C-13(shell) and inorganic calcite, the latter representing isotopic equilibrium, suggest shell formation of T. gyirongensis during spring melt. L. sinensis reproduces throughout the monsoon season until September and shows several consecutive generations, and L. inopinata molts to the adult stage after the monsoon season in August/September. The influence of pore water delta C-13 was displayed by L. inopinata, suggesting shell calcification within the sediment. Mg/Ca-shell is primarily influenced by water Mg/Ca ratios and salinity and confirms the use of this shell ratio as a proxy for precipitation-evaporation balance and lake level. In addition, Sr/Ca and Ba/Ca can be used to infer changes in salinity, at least in closed-basin lakes with calcite saturation. Observed effects of water Sr/Ca and salinity on Sr/Ca incorporation are biased by the presence of aragonite precipitation in the lakes, which removes bioavailable Sr from the host water, resulting in low Sr/Ca-shell values. Changes in carbonate mineralogy affect the bioavailability of trace elements, a process that should be considered in paleoclimate reconstructions. Oxygen isotopes and Mg/Ca-shell ratios were unaffected by water temperature. Positive correlations among Fe/Ca, Mn/Ca and U/Ca in ostracod shells, and their negative correlation with delta C-13, which reflects organic matter decay, show the potential to infer changes in redox conditions that can be used to reconstruct past oxygen supply to bottom waters and thus past water-circulation changes within lakes. The intensity of microbial activity, associated with organic matter decomposition, can be inferred from U/Ca ratios in ostracod shells. These findings highlight the value of fossil ostracod records in lake deposits for inferring paleoenvironmental conditions on the southern Tibetan Plateau.
Subject Area自然地理学
WOS IDWOS:000404687500006
Language英语
Indexed BySCI
KeywordTangra Yumco Paleoenvironmental Reconstructions Nonmarine Ostracods Lake-sediments Water Samples Chemistry Oxygen Geochemistry Temperature Records
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology; Geology; Marine & Freshwater Biology
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences; Geosciences, Multidisciplinary; Limnology ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology; Geology; Marine & Freshwater Biology
Cooperation Status国际
Citation statistics
Cited Times:2[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.itpcas.ac.cn/handle/131C11/8020
Collection图书馆
Corresponding AuthorBorner, N
Affiliation1.Tech Univ Carolo Wilhelmina Braunschweig, Inst Geosyst & Bioindikat, Langer Kamp 19c, D-38106 Braunschweig, Germany.
2.Univ British Columbia, Dept Earth Ocean & Atmospher Sci, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
3.Friedrich Schiller Univ, Inst Geowissensch, Jena, Germany.
4.Max Planck Inst Chem, Climate Geochem Dept, Mainz, Germany.
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Tibetan Plateau Res, Key Lab Tibetan Environm Changes & Land Surface P, Beijing, Peoples R China.
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Borner, N ,De Baere, B ,Akita, LG ,et al. Stable isotopes and trace elements in modern ostracod shells: implications for reconstructing past environments on the Tibetan Plateau, China[J]. JOURNAL OF PALEOLIMNOLOGY,2017,58(2):191-211.
APA Borner, N .,De Baere, B .,Akita, LG .,Francois, R .,Jochum, KP .,...&Borner, N.(2017).Stable isotopes and trace elements in modern ostracod shells: implications for reconstructing past environments on the Tibetan Plateau, China.JOURNAL OF PALEOLIMNOLOGY,58(2),191-211.
MLA Borner, N ,et al."Stable isotopes and trace elements in modern ostracod shells: implications for reconstructing past environments on the Tibetan Plateau, China".JOURNAL OF PALEOLIMNOLOGY 58.2(2017):191-211.
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