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Human activity during the late Pleistocene in the Lop Nur region, northwest China: Evidence from a buried stone artifact
Li, KK (Li, Kangkang)1,2,3; Qin, XG (Qin, Xiaoguang)1,2; Yang, XY (Yang, Xiaoyan)4; Xu, B (Xu, Bing)1,3; Zhang, L (Zhang, Lei)1; Mu, GJ (Mu, Guijin)5; Wei, D (Wei, Dong)6; Wang, CX (Wang, Chunxue)6; Wu, Y (Wu, Yong)7; Tian, XH (Tian, Xiaohong)7; Lin, YC (Lin, Yongchong)5; Li, W (Li, Wen)5; Liu, JQ (Liu, Jiaqi)1,3; Jiao, YX (Jiao, Yinxin)8
Source PublicationSCIENCE CHINA-EARTH SCIENCES
2018-11-01
Volume61Issue:11Pages:1659-1668
DOI10.1007/s11430-017-9257-3
Abstract

The Lop Nur region, in the east part of Tarim Basin, was an important transportation junction between west and east, north and south Eurasia. However, previous studies on prehistoric human activity have concentrated mostly on the Bronze Age, whereas that during the Stone Age remains largely unresearched. Here, we present a new direct evidence of human activity in the late Pleistocene, recorded on a grinding stone buried in a lacustrine sediment section of the Lop Nur region. The grain size distribution of the sediment section indicates that the site was probably in the center of a lake with weak hydrodynamic environment. Therefore, the stone artifact can only be carried to here by people instead of river and it was never move as soon as left here. Results of radiocarbon dating, the evident stratigraphic relations between the stone artifact and the sedimentary formation, indicate that the human activity could extend to approximately 13 ka BP. Furthermore, the results of starch-grain and use-wear analyses suggest that ancient humans gathered seeds of Triticeae, roots, and tubers and used the grinding stone to simply process selected plant as plant foodstuffs during this period. It implies that the environmental conditions in the river delta of the Lop Nur were inhabitable during the late Pleistocene.

Subject Area地理学
WOS IDWOS:000449781200009
Language英语
Indexed BySCIE
KeywordOptically Stimulated Luminescence Starch Grain Analysis Early Holocene Last Deglaciation Grinding Stones Middle Holocene Ancient Loulan Bosten Lake Xinjiang Site
WOS Research AreaGeology
WOS SubjectGeosciences, Multidisciplinary
Cooperation Status国内
ISSN1674-7313
Department环境变化与地表过程重点实验室
PublisherSCIENCE PRESS
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.itpcas.ac.cn/handle/131C11/8512
Collection图书馆
Corresponding AuthorQin, XG (Qin, Xiaoguang)
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geol & Geophys, Key Lab Cenozo Geol & Environm, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China;
2.CAS Ctr Excellence Life & Paleoenvironment, Beijing 100044, Peoples R China;
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Tibetan Plateau Res, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China;
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Xinjiang Inst Ecol & Geog, Urumqi 830011, Peoples R China;
6.Jilin Univ, Sch Archaeol, Changchun 130012, Jilin, Peoples R China;
7.Xinjiang Inst Archaeol, Urumqi 830011, Peoples R China;
8.Bur Cultural Heritage Ruoqiang Cty, Ruoqiang 841800, Peoples R China.
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li, KK ,Qin, XG ,Yang, XY ,et al. Human activity during the late Pleistocene in the Lop Nur region, northwest China: Evidence from a buried stone artifact[J]. SCIENCE CHINA-EARTH SCIENCES,2018,61(11):1659-1668.
APA Li, KK .,Qin, XG .,Yang, XY .,Xu, B .,Zhang, L .,...&Jiao, YX .(2018).Human activity during the late Pleistocene in the Lop Nur region, northwest China: Evidence from a buried stone artifact.SCIENCE CHINA-EARTH SCIENCES,61(11),1659-1668.
MLA Li, KK ,et al."Human activity during the late Pleistocene in the Lop Nur region, northwest China: Evidence from a buried stone artifact".SCIENCE CHINA-EARTH SCIENCES 61.11(2018):1659-1668.
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