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Levels, dietary intake, and health risk of potentially toxic metals in vegetables, fruits, and cereal crops in Pakistan
Nawab, J (Nawab, Javed)1,2,3; Farooqi, S (Farooqi, Saad)4; Wang, XP (Wang Xiaoping)1,2; Khan, S (Khan, Sardar)5; Khan, A (Khan, Asad)6
Source PublicationENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH
2018-02-01
Volume25Issue:6  特刊: SIPages:5558-5571
DOI10.1007/s11356-017-0764-x
AbstractFood safety is a major concern worldwide and human beings are frequently exposed to potentially toxic metals (PTMs) through consumption of vegetables, fruits, and cereal crops grown in contaminated areas. The present study investigates the concentrations of PTMs such as chromium (Cr), nickel (Ni), zinc (Zn), arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), and lead (Pb) in the foodstuffs (fruits, vegetables, and cereals) collected from different markets of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Samples of fruits (banana, tangerine, apple, and guava), vegetables (tomato, onion, potato, pea, and lady finger), and cereals (rice, kidney beans, and chick peas) were acid-extracted and analyzed using ICP-MS. The concentrations of Cr, Zn, Pb, As, and Cd in fruits (54, 50, 50, 45, and 4% samples, respectively), vegetables (53, 43, 63, 80, and 46%), and cereals (37, 62, 25, 70, and 25%) exceeded their respective permissible limits set by FAO/WHO (2001). The results showed that the highest mean concentration was observed for Ni (14.95 mg/kg), Pb (0.57 mg/kg), and Cd (0.27 mg/kg) in vegetables followed by fruits and cereals. However, the highest mean concentration of As (0.44 mg/kg) was observed in cereal crops followed by vegetables and fruits. The individual health risk of PTMs via consumption of fruits, vegetables, and cereals were found within safe limits for adults and children. Nevertheless, the total HRI values (fruits + vegetables + cereals) for Ni, As, and Cd for both adults and children were observed > 1 and may posed potential risk for the community consuming these foodstuffs on a daily basis.
WOS IDWOS:000425971700049
Language英语
Indexed BySCIE
KeywordHEAVY-METALS ATMOSPHERIC DEPOSITION ORGANIC AMENDMENTS NORTHERN PAKISTAN TRACE-ELEMENTS RICE PLANTS CANCER-RISK PADDY SOIL EXPOSURE CADMIUM
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences
Cooperation Status国际
ISSN0944-1344
Department环境变化与地表过程重点实验室
PublisherSPRINGER HEIDELBERG
Citation statistics
Cited Times:4[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.itpcas.ac.cn/handle/131C11/8740
Collection图书馆
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Tibetan Plateau Res, Key Lab Tibetan Land Surface Proc, Beijing 100085, Peoples R China;
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;
3.Abdul Wali Khan Univ Mardan, Dept Environm Sci, Mardan, Pakistan;
4.Univ Swat, Dept Environm & Conservat Sci, Swat 19130, Pakistan;
5.Univ Peshawar, Dept Environm Sci, Peshawar, Pakistan;
6.FATA Univ, Dept Geol, FR Kohat, Darra Adam Khel, Pakistan.
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Nawab, J ,Farooqi, S ,Wang, XP ,et al. Levels, dietary intake, and health risk of potentially toxic metals in vegetables, fruits, and cereal crops in Pakistan[J]. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH,2018,25(6  特刊: SI):5558-5571.
APA Nawab, J ,Farooqi, S ,Wang, XP ,Khan, S ,&Khan, A .(2018).Levels, dietary intake, and health risk of potentially toxic metals in vegetables, fruits, and cereal crops in Pakistan.ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH,25(6  特刊: SI),5558-5571.
MLA Nawab, J ,et al."Levels, dietary intake, and health risk of potentially toxic metals in vegetables, fruits, and cereal crops in Pakistan".ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH 25.6  特刊: SI(2018):5558-5571.
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