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Spatial distribution of toxic metals in drinking water sources and their associated health risk in district buner, Northern Pakistan
Nawab, J (Nawab, Javed)1,2,3,4; Khan, S (Khan, Sardar)5; Wang, XP (Wang Xiaoping)1,2; Rahman, A (Rahman, Abdur)4; Ali, H (Ali, Haider)4; Qamar, Z (Qamar, Zahir)5; Khan, ZA (Khan, Zar Ali)5; Rehman, ZU (Rehman, Zia Ur)6; Rahman, H (Rahman, Hazir)6; Muhammad, J (Muhammad, Juma)7; Khan, A (Khan, Asad)8; Shah, IA (Shah, Izaz Ali)9
Source PublicationHUMAN AND ECOLOGICAL RISK ASSESSMENT
2018
Volume24Issue:3Pages:615-626
DOI10.1080/10807039.2017.1395684
Abstract

Vigorous knowledge on the occurrence and distribution of toxic metals (TMs) in theenvironment is needed to assess their toxicological impacts on human health especially in developing countries like Pakistan. For the first time, the concentrations of TMs like Ni, Zn, Pb, Cr, and Cd in both ground and surface water and their potential health risk in the district Buner (Pakistan) were determined using Inductive Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS, Agilent Technologies, 7500 CX, USA) and their results were compared with their safe limits defined by Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency (Pak-EPA) and World Health Organization WHO (2008). The concentrations of TMs, like Pb (43% and 86%), Ni (63% and 32%), Cr (41%), and Cd (1% and 20%) in drinking water samples exceeded their respective permissible limits set by Pak-EPA and WHO (2008), respectively. The mean concentrations of TMs were found in decreasing order Ni > Pb > Cr > Cd > Zn. The HRI values of TMs in drinking water samples for both adults and children were observed <1 indicating no health risk to the local population. Excessive marble industries are present in the study area; therefore, it is necessary to reduce metal contamination via proper disposal and treatment of marble wastewater, for which the government should take serious action in the study area.

Subject Area地理学
WOS IDWOS:000424423100004
Language英语
Indexed BySCIE
KeywordHeavy-metals Trace-elements Contamination Bioaccumulation Consumption Quality
WOS Research AreaBiodiversity & Conservation ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectBiodiversity Conservation ; Environmental Sciences
Cooperation Status国际
ISSN1080-7039
Department环境变化与地表过程重点实验室
PublisherTAYLOR & FRANCIS INC
Citation statistics
Cited Times:3[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.itpcas.ac.cn/handle/131C11/8779
Collection图书馆
Corresponding AuthorKhan, S (Khan, Sardar); Wang, XP (Wang Xiaoping)
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Tibetan Plateau Res, Key Lab Tibetan Land Surface Proc, Beijing 100085, Peoples R China;
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China;
3.Abdul Wali Khan Univ Mardan, Dept Environm Sci, Mardan, Pakistan;
4.Univ Swat, Dept Environm & Conservat Sci, Swat, Pakistan;
5.Univ Peshawar, Dept Environm Sci, Peshawar 25120, Pakistan;
6.Abdul Wali Khan Univ Mardan, Dept Microbiol, Mardan, Pakistan;
7.Shaheed Benazir Bhutto Univ, Dept Environm Sci, Sheringal Upper Dir, Pakistan;
8.Univ Peshawar, Natl Ctr Excellence Geol, Peshawar, Pakistan;
9.Beijing Normal Univ, Sch Environm, State Key Lab Water Environm Simulat, Beijing, Peoples R China.
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Nawab, J ,Khan, S ,Wang, XP ,et al. Spatial distribution of toxic metals in drinking water sources and their associated health risk in district buner, Northern Pakistan[J]. HUMAN AND ECOLOGICAL RISK ASSESSMENT,2018,24(3):615-626.
APA Nawab, J .,Khan, S .,Wang, XP .,Rahman, A .,Ali, H .,...&Shah, IA .(2018).Spatial distribution of toxic metals in drinking water sources and their associated health risk in district buner, Northern Pakistan.HUMAN AND ECOLOGICAL RISK ASSESSMENT,24(3),615-626.
MLA Nawab, J ,et al."Spatial distribution of toxic metals in drinking water sources and their associated health risk in district buner, Northern Pakistan".HUMAN AND ECOLOGICAL RISK ASSESSMENT 24.3(2018):615-626.
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