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Major advances in studies of the physical geography and living environment of China during the past 70 years and future prospects
Chen, FH (Chen, Fahu)1,2,3; Fu, BJ (Fu, Bojie)4,18; Xia, J (Xia, Jun)5,20; Wu, D (Wu, Duo)2; Wu, SH (Wu, Shaohong)6; Zhang, YL (Zhang, Yili)3,6; Sun, H (Sun, Hang)7; Liu, Y (Liu, Yu)8,21; Fang, XM (Fang, Xiaomin)3,9; Qin, BQ (Qin, Boqiang)10; Li, X (Li, Xin)3,11; Zhang, TJ (Zhang, Tingjun)2; Liu, BY (Liu, Baoyuan)12; Dong, ZB (Dong, Zhibao)13; Hou, SG (Hou, Shugui)3,14; Tian, LD (Tian, Lide)3,15; Xu, BQ (Xu, Baiqing)3,16; Dong, GH (Dong, Guanghui)2,3; Zheng, JY (Zheng, Jingyun)6; Yang, W (Yang, Wei)3,16; Wang, X (Wang, Xin)2; Li, ZJ (Li, Zaijun)2; Wang, F (Wang, Fei)2; Hu, ZB (Hu, Zhenbo)2; Wang, J (Wang, Jie)2; Liu, JB (Liu, Jianbao)1,3; Chen, JH (Chen, Jianhui)2; Huang, W (Huang, Wei)2; Hou, JZ (Hou, Juzhi)(1.3); Cai, QF (Cai, Qiufang)8,21; Long, H (Long, Hao)10,21; Jiang, M (Jiang, Ming)17; Hu, YX (Hu, Yaxian)12; Feng, XM (Feng, Xiaoming)18; Mo, XG (Mo, Xingguo)19; Yang, XY (Yang, Xiaoyan)1,3; Zhang, DJ (Zhang, Dongju)2; Wang, XH (Wang, Xiuhong)6; Yin, YH (Yin, Yunhe)6; Liu, XC (Liu, Xiaochen)3,11
Source PublicationSCIENCE CHINA-EARTH SCIENCES
2019
Volume62Issue:11Pages:1665-1701
DOI10.1007/s11430-019-9522-7
Abstract

The natural environment provides material essentials for human survival and development. The characteristics, processes, regional differentiation and forcing mechanisms of the elements of the natural environment (e.g. geomorphology, climate, hydrology, soil, etc.) are the main objects of research in physical geography. China has a complex natural environment and huge regional differentiation and therefore it provides outstanding reserach opportunities in physical geography. This review summarizes the most important developments and the main contributions of research in the physical geography and human living environment in China during the past 70 years. The major topics addressed are the uplift of the Tibetan Plateau and the evolution of its cryosphere, the development of fluvial systems, the acidification of the vast arid region of the Asian interior, variations in the monsoon and westerly climate systems on multiple timescales, the development of lakes and wetlands, the watershed system model, soil erosion, past human-environment interactions, biogeography, and physical geographic zonality. After briefly introducing international research developments, we review the history of research in physical geography in China, focusing on the major achievements and major academic debates, and finally we summarize the status of current research and the future prospects. We propose that in the context of the national demand for the construction of an ecological civilization, we should make full use of the research findings of physical geography, and determine the patterns and mechanisms of natural environmental processes in order to continue to promote the continued contribution of physical geography to national development strategies, and to further contribute to the theory of physical geography from a global perspective.

Subject AreaGeosciences
WOS IDWOS:000492372500004
Language英语
Indexed BySCI
KeywordAsian Summer Monsoon Last Glacial Maximum Arid Central-asia Permanent Human Occupation Agricultural Soil-erosion Eastern Tibetan Plateau Net Primary Production Eutrophic Lake Taihu Ice Core Records Loess Plateau
WOS Research AreaGeology
WOS SubjectGeosciences, Multidisciplinary
Cooperation Status国内
ISSN1674-7313
Department高寒生态重点实验室
URL查看原文
PublisherSCIENCE PRESS
Citation statistics
Cited Times:10[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.itpcas.ac.cn/handle/131C11/9117
Collection图书馆
Corresponding AuthorChen, FH (Chen, Fahu)
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Tibetan Plateau Res, Key Lab Alpine Ecol, Beijing 100010, Peoples R China;
2.Lanzhou Univ, Coll Earth & Environm Sci, Key Lab Western Chinas Environm Syst, Minist Educ, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, Peoples R China;
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Ctr Excellence Tibetan Plateau Earth Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China;
4.Beijing Normal Univ, Fac Geog Sci, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China;
5.Wuhan Univ, State Key Lab Water Resources & Hydropower Engn S, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China;
6.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Key Lab Land Surface Pattern & Simulat, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China;
7.Chinese Acad Sci, Kunming Inst Bot, Key Lab Plant Div & Biogeog E Asia, Kunming 650201, Yunnan, Peoples R China;
8.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Earth Environm, State Key Lab Loess & Quaternary Geol, Xian 710061, Shaanxi, Peoples R China;
9.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Tibetan Plateau Res, Key Lab Continental Collis & Plateau Uplift, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China;
10.Chinese Acad Sci, Nanjing Inst Geog & Limnol, State Key Lab Lake Sci & Environm, Nanjing 210008, Jiangsu, Peoples R China;
11.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Tibetan Plateau Res, Beijing 100010, Peoples R China;
12.Northwest A&F Univ, Inst Soil & Water Conservat, State Key Lab Soil Eros & Dryland Farming Loess P, Yangling 712100, Shaanxi, Peoples R China;
13.Shaanxi Normal Univ, Sch Geog & Tourism, Xian 710119, Shaanxi, Peoples R China;
14.Nanjing Univ, Sch Geog & Ocean Sci, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China;
15.Yunnan Univ, Inst Int Rivers & Ecosecur, Kunming 650500, Yunnan, Peoples R China;
16.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Tibetan Plateau Res, Key Lab Tibetan Environm Changes & Land Surface P, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China;
17.Chinese Acad Sci, Northeast Inst Geog & Agroecol, Changchun 130012, Peoples R China;
18.Chinese Acad Sci, Res Ctr Eco Environm Sci, State Key Lab Urban & Reg Ecol, Beijing 100085, Peoples R China;
19.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Water Cycle & Related Land Surface Proc, Inst Geog Sci & Nat Resources Res, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China;
20.Chinese Acad Sci, Water Resources Res Ctr, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China;
21.Chinese Acad Sci, Ctr Excellence Quaternary Sci & Global Change, Xian 710061, Shaanxi, Peoples R China.
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Chen, FH ,Fu, BJ ,Xia, J ,et al. Major advances in studies of the physical geography and living environment of China during the past 70 years and future prospects[J]. SCIENCE CHINA-EARTH SCIENCES,2019,62(11):1665-1701.
APA Chen, FH .,Fu, BJ .,Xia, J .,Wu, D .,Wu, SH .,...&Liu, XC .(2019).Major advances in studies of the physical geography and living environment of China during the past 70 years and future prospects.SCIENCE CHINA-EARTH SCIENCES,62(11),1665-1701.
MLA Chen, FH ,et al."Major advances in studies of the physical geography and living environment of China during the past 70 years and future prospects".SCIENCE CHINA-EARTH SCIENCES 62.11(2019):1665-1701.
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