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Nitrogen and phosphorus constrain the CO2 fertilization of global plant biomass
Terrer, C (Terrer, Cesar)1,2,3; Jackson, RB (Jackson, Robert B.)1,4,5; Prentice, IC (Prentice, I. Colin)6,7,8; Keenan, TF (Keenan, Trevor F.)9,10; Kaiser, C (Kaiser, Christina)11,12; Vicca, S (Vicca, Sara)13; Fisher, JB (Fisher, Joshua B.)14,15; Reich, PB (Reich, Peter B.)16,17; Stocker, BD (Stocker, Benjamin D.)18; Hungate, BA (Hungate, Bruce A.)19,20; Penuelas, J (Penuelas, Josep)18,21; McCallum, I (McCallum, Ian)3; Soudzilovskaia, NA (Soudzilovskaia, Nadejda A.)22; Cernusak, LA (Cernusak, Lucas A.)23; Talhelm, AF (Talhelm, Alan F.)24; Van Sundert, K (Van Sundert, Kevin)13; Piao, SL (Piao, Shilong)25,26; Newton, PCD (Newton, Paul C. D.27; Hovenden, MJ (Hovenden, Mark J.)28; Blumenthal, DM (Blumenthal, Dana M.)29; Liu, YY (Liu, Yi Y.)30; Muller, C (Mueller, Christoph)31,32; Winter, K (Winter, Klaus)33; Field, CB (Field, Christopher B.)4,5; Viechtbauer, W (Viechtbauer, Wolfgang)34; Van Lissa, CJ (Van Lissa, Caspar J.)35; Hoosbeek, MR (Hoosbeek, Marcel R.)36; Watanabe, M (Watanabe, Makoto)37; Koike, T (Koike, Takayoshi)38; Leshyk, VO (Leshyk, Victor O.)19,20; Polley, HW (Polley, H. Wayne)39; Franklin, O (Franklin, Oskar)3

Elevated CO2 (eCO(2)) experiments provide critical information to quantify the effects of rising CO2 on vegetation 1-6 . Many eCO(2) experiments suggest that nutrient limitations modulate the local magnitude of the eCO(2) effect on plant biomass(1,3,5), but the global extent of these limitations has not been empirically quantified, complicating projections of the capacity of plants to take up CO27,9. Here, we present a data-driven global quantification of the eCO(2) effect on biomass based on 138 eCO(2) experiments. The strength of CO2 fertilization is primarily driven by nitrogen (N) in similar to 65% of global vegetation and by phosphorus (P) in similar to 25% of global vegetation, with N- or P-limitation modulated by mycorrhizal association. Our approach suggests that CO2 levels expected by 2100 can potentially enhance plant biomass by 12 +/- 3% above current values, equivalent to 59 +/- 13 PgC. The globalscale response to eCO(2) we derive from experiments is similar to past changes in greenness(9) and bio-mass(10) with rising CO2, suggesting that CO2 will continue to stimulate plant biomass in the future despite the constraining effect of soil nutrients. Our research reconciles conflicting evidence on CO2 fertilization across scales and provides an empirical estimate of the biomass sensitivity to eCO(2) that may help to constrain climate projections.

Subject AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS IDWOS:000483551700019
Indexed BySCI
KeywordElevated Co2 Forest Productivity Atmospheric Co2 Mojave Desert Carbon Responses Metaanalysis Climate Growth Enhancement
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology ; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences ; Environmental Studies ; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
Cooperation Status国际
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorTerrer, C (Terrer, Cesar)
Affiliation1.Stanford Univ, Dept Earth Syst Sci, Stanford, CA 94305 USA;
2.Univ Autonoma Barcelona, Inst Ciencia & Tecnol Ambientals, Barcelona, Spain;
3.Int Inst Appl Syst Anal, Ecosyst Serv & Management Program, Laxenburg, Austria;
4.Stanford Univ, Woods Inst Environm, Stanford, CA 94305 USA;
5.Stanford Univ, Precourt Inst Energy, Stanford, CA 94305 USA;
6.Imperial Coll London, Dept Life Sci, AXA Chair Programme Biosphere & Climate Impacts, Silwood Pk Campus, Ascot, Berks, England;
7.Macquarie Univ, Dept Biol Sci, N Ryde, NSW, Australia;
8.Tsinghua Univ, Dept Earth Syst Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China;
9.Univ Calif Berkeley, Dept Environm Sci Policy & Management, Berkeley, CA USA;
10.Lawrence Berkeley Natl Lab, Climate & Ecosyst Sci Div, Berkeley, CA USA;
11.Univ Vienna, Fac Life Sci, Dept Microbiol & Ecosyst Sci, Div Terr Ecosyst Res, Vienna, Austria;
12.Int Inst Appl Syst Anal, Evolut & Ecol Program, Laxenburg, Austria;
13.Univ Antwerp, Ctr Excellence PLECO Plants & Ecosyst, Biol Dept, Antwerp, Belgium;
14.CALTECH, Jet Prop Lab, Pasadena, CA USA;
15.Univ Calif Los Angeles, Joint Inst Reg Earth Syst Sci & Engn, Los Angeles, CA USA;
16.Univ Minnesota, Dept Forest Resources, St Paul, MN USA;
17.Western Sydney Univ, Hawkesbury Inst Environm, Penrith, NSW, Australia;
18.CREAF, Cerdanyola Del Valles, Spain;
19.No Arizona Univ, Ctr Ecosyst Sci & Soc, Flagstaff, AZ 86011 USA;
20.No Arizona Univ, Dept Biol Sci, Box 5640, Flagstaff, AZ 86011 USA;
21.CREAF CEAB UAB, CSIC, Global Ecol Unit, Bellaterra, Spain;
22.Leiden Univ, Inst Environm Sci, Environm Biol Dept, Leiden, Netherlands;
23.James Cook Univ, Coll Marine & Environm Sci, Cairns, Qld, Australia;
24.Univ Idaho, Coll Nat Resources, Dept Forest Rangeland & Fire Sci, Moscow, ID 83843 USA;
25.Peking Univ, Coll Urban & Environm Sci, Sino French Inst Earth Syst Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China;
26.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Tibetan Plateau Res, Beijing, Peoples R China;
27.AgResearch, Land & Environm Management, Palmerston North, New Zealand;
28.Univ Tasmania, Sch Biol Sci, Hobart, Tas, Australia;
29.ARS, Rangeland Resources & Syst Res Unit, USDA, Ft Collins, CO USA;
30.Nanjing Univ Informat Sci & Technol, Sch Geog Sci, Nanjing, Jiangsu, Peoples R China;
31.Justus Liebig Univ Giessen, Dept Plant Ecol, Giessen, Germany;
32.Univ Coll Dublin, Sch Biol & Environm Sci, Belfield, Ireland;
33.Smithsonian Trop Res Inst, Balboa, Panama;
34.Maastricht Univ, Dept Psychiat & Neuropsychol, Maastricht, Netherlands;
35.Univ Utrecht, Dept Methodol & Stat, Utrecht, Netherlands;
36.Wageningen Univ, Soil Chem, Wageningen, Netherlands;
37.Tokyo Univ Agr & Technol, Inst Agr, Fuchu, Tokyo, Japan;
38.Hokkaido Univ, Grad Sch Agr, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan;
39.ARS, USDA, Grassland Soil & Water Res Lab, Temple, TX USA.
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Terrer, C ,Jackson, RB ,Prentice, IC ,et al. Nitrogen and phosphorus constrain the CO2 fertilization of global plant biomass[J]. NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE,2019,9(9):684-689.
APA Terrer, C .,Jackson, RB .,Prentice, IC .,Keenan, TF .,Kaiser, C .,...&Franklin, O .(2019).Nitrogen and phosphorus constrain the CO2 fertilization of global plant biomass.NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE,9(9),684-689.
MLA Terrer, C ,et al."Nitrogen and phosphorus constrain the CO2 fertilization of global plant biomass".NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE 9.9(2019):684-689.
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