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Re-Os geochronology, O isotopes and mineral geochemistry of the Neoproterozoic Songshugou ultramafic massif in the Qinling Orogenic Belt, China
Sun, SS (Sun, Shengsi)1; Dong, YP (Dong, Yunpeng)1,2; Sun, YL (Sun, Yali)3; Cheng, C (Cheng, Chao)1; Huang, XX (Huang, Xiaoxiao)4; Liu, XM (Liu, Xiaoming)1
Source PublicationGONDWANA RESEARCH
2019
Volume70Issue:0Pages:71-87
DOI10.1016/j.gr.2018.12.016
Abstract

The Qinling Orogenic Belt was formed by subduction and collision between the North and South China Blocks along the Shangdan suture. The Songshugou ultramafic massif located on the northern side of the Shangdan suture provides essential insights into the mantle origin and evolutionary processes during spreading and subduction of the Shangdan oceanic lithosphere. The ultramafic massif comprises harzburgite, coarse- and fine-grained dunites. The spinels from harzburgite exhibit low Cr# and high Mg# numbers, suggesting a mid-ocean ridge peridotite origin, whereas spinels from both coarse- and fine-grained dunites are indicated as resulted from melt-rock reaction due to their systematic higher Cr# and low Mg# numbers. This melt-rock reaction in the dunites is also indicated by the low TiO2 (mostly <0.4 to%) in the spinel and high Fo (90-92) in olivines. Due to its relatively homogeneous nature in the mantle, oxygen isotopic composition is a sensitive indicator for the petrogenesis and tectonic setting of the Songshugou ultramafic rocks. Based on in-situ oxygen isotope analyses of olivines from twenty-six rock samples, most harzburgites from the Songshugou ultramafic massif show low delta O-18 values of 4.54-5.30 parts per thousand, suggesting the olivines are equilibrium with N-MORB magmas and originally formed in a mid-ocean ridge setting. The coarse- and fine-grained dunites exhibit slightly higher olivine delta O-18 values of 4.69-6.00 parts per thousand and 5.00-6.11 parts per thousand, respectively, suggesting they may have been modified by subduction-related boninitic melt-rock reaction. The delta O-18 values of olivines systematically increasing from the harzburgites, to coarse-grained dunites and fine-grained dunites may suggest enhancing of melt-rock reaction. The decreasing of Os concentration, Re-187/Os-188 and Os-187/Os-188 ratios from harzburgite to dunite suggest an Os-187-enriched, subduction zone melt was responsible for creating the melt channel for melt-rock reactions. Together with the high-temperature ductile deformation microstructures, these isotopic and mineral geochemical features suggest that the harzburgites represent mantle residues after partial melting at mid-ocean ridge or supra-subduction zone, while the dunites were probably resulted from reactions between boninitic melt and harzburgites in a supra-subduction zone. Re-Os geochronology yields a maximum Re depletion model age (T-RD) of 805 Ma, constraining the minimum formation age of the harzburgites derived from oceanic mantle. Eight samples of whole rock and chromite yield a Re-Os isochron age of 500 +/- 120 Ma, constraining the timing of melt-rock reactions. Combined with the regional geology and our previous investigations, the Songshugou ultramafic rocks favors a mantle origin at mid-ocean ridge before 805 Ma, and were modified by boninitic melt percolations in a SSZ setting at ca. 500 Ma. This long-term tectonic process from spreading to subduction might imply a huge PanTethyan ocean between the Laurasia (e.g., North China Block) and Gondwana (e.g., South China Block) and/or a one-side subduction. (C) 2019 International Association for Gondwana Research. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Subject AreaGeosciences
WOS IDWOS:000486980200005
Language英语
Indexed BySCI
KeywordOxygen-isotope Tectonic Evolution South China North China Upper-mantle Geological Significance Accretionary Tectonics Lithospheric Mantle Garnet Peridotites Spinel Peridotites
WOS Research AreaGeology
WOS SubjectGeosciences, Multidisciplinary
Cooperation Status国际
ISSN1342-937X
Department大陆碰撞与高原隆升重点实验室
URL查看原文
PublisherELSEVIER
SubtypeArticle
Citation statistics
Cited Times:6[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.itpcas.ac.cn/handle/131C11/9274
Collection图书馆
Corresponding AuthorDong, YP (Dong, Yunpeng)
Affiliation1.Northwest Univ, Dept Geol, State Key Lab Continental Dynam, Northern Taibai Str 229, Xian 710069, Shaanxi, Peoples R China;
2.Western Univ, Dept Earth Sci, 1151 Richmond Str, Richmond, ON N6A 3K7, Canada;
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Tibetan Plateau Res, Key Lab Continental Collis & Plateau Uplift, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China;
4.North China Univ Water Resources & Elect Power, Coll Geosci & Engn, Zhengzhou 450045, Henan, Peoples R China.
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Sun, SS ,Dong, YP ,Sun, YL ,et al. Re-Os geochronology, O isotopes and mineral geochemistry of the Neoproterozoic Songshugou ultramafic massif in the Qinling Orogenic Belt, China[J]. GONDWANA RESEARCH,2019,70(0):71-87.
APA Sun, SS ,Dong, YP ,Sun, YL ,Cheng, C ,Huang, XX ,&Liu, XM .(2019).Re-Os geochronology, O isotopes and mineral geochemistry of the Neoproterozoic Songshugou ultramafic massif in the Qinling Orogenic Belt, China.GONDWANA RESEARCH,70(0),71-87.
MLA Sun, SS ,et al."Re-Os geochronology, O isotopes and mineral geochemistry of the Neoproterozoic Songshugou ultramafic massif in the Qinling Orogenic Belt, China".GONDWANA RESEARCH 70.0(2019):71-87.
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