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The Tibetan Plateau Surface-Atmosphere Coupling System and Its Weather and Climate Effects: The Third Tibetan Plateau Atmospheric Science Experiment
Zhao, P (Zhao, Ping)1; Li, YQ (Li, Yueqing)2; Guo, XL (Guo, Xueliang)1; Xu, XD (Xu, Xiangde)1; Liu, YM (Liu, Yimin)3; Tang, SH (Tang, Shihao)4; Xiao, WM (Xiao, Wenming)5; Shi, CX (Shi, Chunxiang)5; Ma, YM (Ma, Yaoming)6; Yu, X (Yu, Xing)7; Liu, HZ (Liu, Huizhi)3; Jia, L (Jia, La)8; Chen, Y (Chen, Yun)9; Liu, YJ (Liu, Yanju)10; Li, J (Li, Jian)1; Luo, DB (Luo, Dabiao)8; Cao, YC (Cao, Yunchang)11; Zheng, XD (Zheng, Xiangdong)1; Chen, JM (Chen, Junming)1; Xiao, A (Xiao, An)12; Yuan, F (Yuan, Fang)5; Chen, DH (Chen, Donghui)5; Pang, Y (Pang, Yang)5; Hu, ZQ (Hu, Zhiqun)1; Zhang, SJ (Zhang, Shengjun)1; Dong, LX (Dong, Lixin)4; Hu, JY (Hu, Juyang)4; Han, S (Han, Shuai)5; Zhou, XJ (Zhou, Xiuji)1
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF METEOROLOGICAL RESEARCH
2019
Volume33Issue:3Pages:375-399
DOI10.1007/s13351-019-8602-3
Abstract

The Tibetan Plateau (TP) is a key area affecting forecasts of weather and climate in China and occurrences of extreme weather and climate events over the world. The China Meteorological Administration, the National Natural Science Foundation of China, and the Chinese Academy of Sciences jointly initiated the Third Tibetan Plateau Atmospheric Science Experiment (TIPEX-III) in 2013, with an 8-10-yr implementation plan. Since its preliminary field measurements conducted in 2013, routine automatic sounding systems have been deployed at Shiquanhe, Gaize, and Shenzha stations in western TP, where no routine sounding observations were available previously. The observational networks for soil temperature and soil moisture in the central and western TP have also been established. Meanwhile, the plateau-scale and regional-scale boundary layer observations, cloud-precipitation microphysical observations with multiple radars and aircraft campaigns, and tropospheric-stratospheric air composition observations at multiple sites, were performed. The results so far show that the turbulent heat exchange coefficient and sensible heat flux are remarkably lower than the earlier estimations at grassland, meadow, and bare soil surfaces of the central and western TP. Climatologically, cumulus clouds over the main body of the TP might develop locally instead of originating from the cumulus clouds that propagate northward from South Asia. The TIPEX-III observations up to now also reveal diurnal variations, macro- and microphysical characteristics, and water-phase transition mechanisms, of cumulus clouds at Naqu station. Moreover, TIPEX-III related studies have proposed a maintenance mechanism responsible for the Asian atmospheric water tower and demonstrated the effects of the TP heating anomalies on African, Asian, and North American climates. Additionally, numerical modeling studies show that the Gamma distribution of raindrop size is more suitable for depicting the TP raindrop characteristics compared to the M-P distribution, the overestimation of sensible heat flux can be reduced via modifying the heat transfer parameterization over the TP, and considering climatic signals in some key areas of the TP can improve the skill for rainfall forecast in the central and eastern parts of China. Furthermore, the TIPEX-III has been promoting the technology in processing surface observations, soundings, and radar observations, improving the quality of satellite retrieved soil moisture and atmospheric water vapor content products as well as high-resolution gauge-radar-satellite merged rainfall products, and facilitating the meteorological monitoring, forecasting, and data sharing operations.

Subject AreaAtmospheric Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000474446000001
Language英语
Indexed BySCI
KeywordQinghai-xizang Plateau Large-scale Orography Asian Summer Monsoon Microphysical Properties Convective Systems Heat Source/sink Precipitation Temperature Rainfall China
WOS Research AreaMeteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
WOS SubjectMeteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
Cooperation Status国内
ISSN2095-6037
Department环境变化与地表过程重点实验室
URL查看原文
PublisherSPRINGER HEIDELBERG
SubtypeArticle
Citation statistics
Cited Times:8[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.itpcas.ac.cn/handle/131C11/9280
Collection图书馆
Corresponding AuthorZhao, P (Zhao, Ping)
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Meteorol Sci, State Key Lab Severe Weather, China Meteorol Adm, Beijing 100081, Peoples R China;
2.Chengdu Inst Plateau Meteorol China Meteorol Adm, Chengdu 610072, Sichuan, Peoples R China;
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Atmospher Phys, Beijing 100029, Peoples R China;
4.China Meteorol Adm, Natl Satellite Meteorol Ctr, Beijing 100081, Peoples R China;
5.China Meteorol Adm, Natl Meteorol Informat Ctr, Beijing 100081, Peoples R China;
6.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Tibetan Plateau Res, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China;
7.Meteorol Inst Shaanxi Prov, Xian 710014, Shaanxi, Peoples R China;
8.Meteorol Observ Tibet Autonomous Reg, Lhasa 850000, Peoples R China;
9.China Meteorol Adm, Natl Meteorol Ctr, Beijing 100081, Peoples R China;
10.China Meteorol Adm, Natl Climate Ctr, Beijing 100081, Peoples R China;
11.China Meteorol Adm, Meteorol Observat Ctr, Beijing 100081, Peoples R China;
12.Jiangxi Meteorol Observ, Nanchang 330096, Jiangxi, Peoples R China.
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhao, P ,Li, YQ ,Guo, XL ,et al. The Tibetan Plateau Surface-Atmosphere Coupling System and Its Weather and Climate Effects: The Third Tibetan Plateau Atmospheric Science Experiment[J]. JOURNAL OF METEOROLOGICAL RESEARCH,2019,33(3):375-399.
APA Zhao, P .,Li, YQ .,Guo, XL .,Xu, XD .,Liu, YM .,...&Zhou, XJ .(2019).The Tibetan Plateau Surface-Atmosphere Coupling System and Its Weather and Climate Effects: The Third Tibetan Plateau Atmospheric Science Experiment.JOURNAL OF METEOROLOGICAL RESEARCH,33(3),375-399.
MLA Zhao, P ,et al."The Tibetan Plateau Surface-Atmosphere Coupling System and Its Weather and Climate Effects: The Third Tibetan Plateau Atmospheric Science Experiment".JOURNAL OF METEOROLOGICAL RESEARCH 33.3(2019):375-399.
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