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A late Middle Pleistocene Denisovan mandible from the Tibetan Plateau
Chen, FH (Chen, Fahu)1,2,3; Welker, F (Welker, Frido)3,4,5; Shen, CC (Shen, Chuan-Chou)6,7; Bailey, SE (Bailey, Shara E.)4,8; Bergmann, I (Bergmann, Inga)4; Davis, S (Davis, Simon)9; Xia, H (Xia, Huan)3; Wang, H (Wang, Hui)10,11; Fischer, R (Fischer, Roman)9; Freidline, SE (Freidline, Sarah E.)4; Yu, TL (Yu, Tsai-Luen)6,7; Skinner, MM (Skinner, Matthew M.)4,12; Stelzer, S (Stelzer, Stefanie)4,13; Dong, GR (Dong, Guangrong)3; Fu, QM (Fu, Qiaomei)14; Dong, GH (Dong, Guanghui)3; Wang, J (Wang, Jian)3; Zhang, DJ (Zhang, Dongju)3; Hublin, JJ (Hublin, Jean-Jacques)4,15
Source PublicationNATURE
Volume569 Issue:7756Pages:409-412

Denisovans are members of a hominin group who are currently only known directly from fragmentary fossils, the genomes of which have been studied from a single site, Denisova Cave(1-3) in Siberia. They are also known indirectly from their genetic legacy through gene flow into several low-altitude East Asian populations(4,5) and high-altitude modern Tibetans(6). The lack of morphologically informative Denisovan fossils hinders our ability to connect geographically and temporally dispersed fossil hominins from Asia and to understand in a coherent manner their relation to recent Asian populations. This includes understanding the genetic adaptation of humans to the high-altitude Tibetan Plateau(7,8), which was inherited from the Denisovans. Here we report a Denisovan mandible, identified by ancient protein analysis(9,10), found on the Tibetan Plateau in Baishiya Karst Cave, Xiahe, Gansu, China. We determine the mandible to be at least 160 thousand years old through U-series dating of an adhering carbonate matrix. The Xiahe specimen provides direct evidence of the Denisovans outside the Altai Mountains and its analysis unique insights into Denisovan mandibular and dental morphology. Our results indicate that archaic hominins occupied the Tibetan Plateau in the Middle Pleistocene epoch and successfully adapted to high-altitude hypoxic environments long before the regional arrival of modern Homo sapiens.

Subject AreaScience & Technology
WOS IDWOS:000468123700039
Indexed BySCI
KeywordPermanent Human Occupation Genome Sequence High-precision Hominin Cave Bone Deamidation Morphology Glutamine Ancestry
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics
WOS SubjectMultidisciplinary Sciences
Cooperation Status国际
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorChen, FH (Chen, Fahu)
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, CAS Ctr Excellence Tibetan Plateau Earth Sci, Key Lab Alpine Ecol LAE, 1 separate add, Beijing, Peoples R China;
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Tibetan Plateau Res, Beijing, Peoples R China;
3.Lanzhou Univ, Coll Earth & Environm Sci, Key Lab Western Chinas Environm Syst, Minist Educ, Lanzhou, Gansu, Peoples R China;
4.Max Planck Inst Evolutionary Anthropol, Dept Human Evolut, Leipzig, Germany;
5.Univ Copenhagen, Dept Biol, Copenhagen, Denmark;
6.Natl Taiwan Univ, Dept Geosci, High Precis Mass Spectrometry & Environm Change L, Taipei, Taiwan;
7.Natl Taiwan Univ, Res Ctr Future Earth, Taipei, Taiwan;
8.NYU, Dept Anthropol, Ctr Study Human Origins, New York, NY 10003 USA;
9.Univ Oxford, Target Discovery Inst, Oxford, England;
10.Fudan Univ, Inst Archaeol Sci, Dept Cultural Heritage & Museol, Shanghai, Peoples R China;
11.Gansu Prov Inst Cultural Relics & Archaeol Res, Lanzhou, Gansu, Peoples R China;
12.Univ Kent, Sch Anthropol & Conservat, Canterbury, Kent, England;
13.Karl Landsteiner Univ Hlth Sci, Dept Anat & Biomech, Krems An Der Donau, Austria;
14.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Vertebrate Paleontol & Paleoanthropol, Ctr Excellence Life & Paleoenvironm, Key Lab Vertebrate Evolut & Human Origins, Beijing, Peoples R China;
15.Coll France, Chaire Int Paleoanthropol, Paris, France.
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Chen, FH ,Welker, F ,Shen, CC ,et al. A late Middle Pleistocene Denisovan mandible from the Tibetan Plateau[J]. NATURE,2019,569 (7756):409-412.
APA Chen, FH .,Welker, F .,Shen, CC .,Bailey, SE .,Bergmann, I .,...&Hublin, JJ .(2019).A late Middle Pleistocene Denisovan mandible from the Tibetan Plateau.NATURE,569 (7756),409-412.
MLA Chen, FH ,et al."A late Middle Pleistocene Denisovan mandible from the Tibetan Plateau".NATURE 569 .7756(2019):409-412.
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