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Persistent organic pollutants in the polar regions and the Tibetan Plateau: A review of current knowledge and future prospects
Wang, XP (Wang, Xiaoping)1,2,3; Wang, CF (Wang, Chuanfei)1,2; Zhu, TT (Zhu, Tingting)1,3; Gong, P (Gong, Ping)1,2; Fu, JJ (Fu, Jianjie)4; Cong, ZY (Cong, Zhiyuan)1,2,3
Source PublicationENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION
2019
Volume248Issue:0Pages:191-208
DOI10.1016/j.envpol.2019.01.093
Abstract

Due to their low temperatures, the Arctic, Antarctic and Tibetan Plateau are known as the three polar regions of the Earth. As the most remote regions of the globe, the occurrence of persistent organic pollutants (POPS) in these polar regions arouses global concern. In this paper, we review the literatures on POPS involving these three polar regions. Overall, concentrations of POPs in the environment (air, water, soil and biota) have been extensively reported, with higher levels of dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) and hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) detected on the Tibetan Plateau. The spatial distribution of POPS in air, water and soil in the three polar regions broadly reflects their distances away from source regions. Based on long-term data, decreasing trends have been observed for most "legacy POPs". Observations of transport processes of POPs among multiple media have also been carried out, including air-water gas exchange, air soil gas exchange, emissions from melting glaciers, bioaccumulations along food chains, and exposure risks. The impact of climate change on these processes possibly enhances the re-emission processes of POPs out of water, soil and glaciers, and reduces the bioaccumulation of POPs in food chains. Global POPs transport model have shown the Arctic receives a relatively small fraction of POPs, but that climate change will likely increase the total mass of all compounds in this polar region. Considering the impact of climate change on POPs is still unclear, long-term monitoring data and global/regional models are required, especially in the Antarctic and on the Tibetan Plateau, and the fate of POPs in all three polar regions needs to be comprehensively studied and compared to yield a better understanding of the mechanisms involved in the global cycling of POPs. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Subject AreaEnvironmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000466618000021
Language英语
Indexed BySCI
KeywordPolycyclic Aromatic-hydrocarbons Long-range Transport Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers King-george-island Polychlorinated-biphenyls Pcbs Water Gas-exchange Global Distribution Model Current-use Pesticides Agassiz Ice Cap Organochlorine Pesticides
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences
Cooperation Status国内
ISSN0269-7491
Department环境变化与地表过程
URL查看原文
PublisherELSEVIER SCI LTD
SubtypeReview
Citation statistics
Cited Times:11[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.itpcas.ac.cn/handle/131C11/9320
Collection图书馆
Corresponding AuthorWang, XP (Wang, Xiaoping)
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Tibetan Plateau Res, Key Lab Tibetan Environm Changes & Land Surface P, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China;
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Ctr Excellence Tibetan Plateau Earth Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China;
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;
4.Chinese Acad Sci, State Key Lab Environm Chem & Ecotoxicol, Beijing 100085, Peoples R China.
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, XP ,Wang, CF ,Zhu, TT ,et al. Persistent organic pollutants in the polar regions and the Tibetan Plateau: A review of current knowledge and future prospects[J]. ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION,2019,248(0):191-208.
APA Wang, XP ,Wang, CF ,Zhu, TT ,Gong, P ,Fu, JJ ,&Cong, ZY .(2019).Persistent organic pollutants in the polar regions and the Tibetan Plateau: A review of current knowledge and future prospects.ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION,248(0),191-208.
MLA Wang, XP ,et al."Persistent organic pollutants in the polar regions and the Tibetan Plateau: A review of current knowledge and future prospects".ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION 248.0(2019):191-208.
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