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Recent Third Pole's Rapid Warming Accompanies Cryospheric Melt and Water Cycle Intensification and Interactions between Monsoon and Environment: Multidisciplinary Approach with Observations, Modeling, and Analysis
Yao, TD (Yao, Tandong)1; Xue, YK (Xue, Yongkang)2; Chen, DL (Chen, Deliang)3; Chen, FH (Chen, Fahu)1; Thompson, L (Thompson, Lonnie)4,5; Cui, P (Cui, Peng)6; Koike, T (Koike, Toshio)7; Lau, WKM (Lau, William K-M)8; Lettenmaier, D (Lettenmaier, Dennis)2; Mosbrugger, V (Mosbrugger, Volker)9; Zhang, RH (Zhang, Renhe)10,11; Xu, BQ (Xu, Baiqing)1; Dozier, J (Dozier, Jeff)12; Gillespie, T (Gillespie, Thomas)2; Gu, Y (Gu, Yu)2; Kang, SC (Kang, Shichang)13; Piao, SL (Piao, Shilong)14; Sugimoto, S (Sugimoto, Shiori)15; Ueno, K (Ueno, Kenichi)16; Wang, L (Wang, Lei)1; Wang, WC (Wang, Weicai)1; Zhang, F (Zhang, Fan)1; Sheng, YW (Sheng, Yongwei)2; Guo, WD (Guo, Weidong)17; Ailikun (Ailikun)1; Yang, XX (Yang, Xiaoxin)1; Ma, YM (Ma, Yaoming)1; Shen, SSP (Shen, Samuel S. P.)18; Su, ZB (Su, Zhongbo)19; Chen, F (Chen, Fei)20; Liang, SL (Liang, Shunlin)21; Liu, YM (Liu, Yimin)22; Singh, VP (Singh, Vijay P.)23,24; Yang, K (Yang, Kun)1; Yang, DQ (Yang, Daqing)25; Zhao, XQ (Zhao, Xinquan)26; Qian, Y (Qian, Yun)27; Zhang, Y (Zhang, Yu)28; Li, Q (Li, Qian)29
Source PublicationBULLETIN OF THE AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY
2019
Volume100Issue:3Pages:423-444
DOI10.1175/BAMS-D-17-0057.1
Abstract

The Third Pole (TP) is experiencing rapid warming and is currently in its warmest period in the past 2,000 years. This paper reviews the latest development in multidisciplinary TP research associated with this warming. The rapid warming facilitates intense and broad glacier melt over most of the TP, although some glaciers in the northwest are advancing. By heating the atmosphere and reducing snow/ice albedo, aerosols also contribute to the glaciers melting. Glacier melt is accompanied by lake expansion and intensification of the water cycle over the TP. Precipitation has increased over the eastern and northwestern TP. Meanwhile, the TP is greening and most regions are experiencing advancing phenological trends, although over the southwest there is a spring phenological delay mainly in response to the recent decline in spring precipitation. Atmospheric and terrestrial thermal and dynamical processes over the TP affect the Asian monsoon at different scales. Recent evidence indicates substantial roles that mesoscale convective systems play in the TP's precipitation as well as an association between soil moisture anomalies in the TP and the Indian monsoon. Moreover, an increase in geohazard events has been associated with recent environmental changes, some of which have had catastrophic consequences caused by glacial lake outbursts and landslides. Active debris flows are growing in both frequency of occurrences and spatial scale. Meanwhile, new types of disasters, such as the twin ice avalanches in Ali in 2016, are now appearing in the region. Adaptation and mitigation measures should be taken to help societies' preparation for future environmental challenges. Some key issues for future TP studies are also discussed.

Subject AreaGeosciences
WOS IDWOS:000468039100006
Language英语
Indexed BySCI
KeywordLight-absorbing Impurities Central Tibetan Plateau Asian Summer Monsoon Climate-change Regional Climate Black Carbon Evapotranspiration Trends Temperature Variability Altitudinal Dependence Surface-temperature
WOS Research AreaMeteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
WOS SubjectMeteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
Cooperation Status国际
ISSN0003-0007
Department环境变化与地表过程
URL查看原文
PublisherAMER METEOROLOGICAL SOC
SubtypeArticle
Citation statistics
Cited Times:89[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.itpcas.ac.cn/handle/131C11/9374
Collection图书馆
Corresponding AuthorXue, YK (Xue, Yongkang)
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Tibetan Plateau Res, Beijing, Peoples R China;
2.Univ Calif Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90032 USA;
3.Univ Gothenburg, Dept Earth Sci, Gothenburg, Sweden;
4.Ohio State Univ, Byrd Polar & Climate Res Ctr, Columbus, OH 43210 USA;
5.Ohio State Univ, Sch Earth Sci, Columbus, OH 43210 USA;
6.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Mt Hazards & Environm, Chengdu, Sichuan, Peoples R China;
7.Int Ctr Water Hazard & Risk Management, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan;
8.Univ Maryland, Earth Syst Sci Interdisciplinary Ctr, College Pk, MD 20742 USA;
9.Senckenberg Res Ctr Nat, Frankfurt, Germany;
10.Fudan Univ, Dept Atmospher & Ocean Sci, Shanghai, Peoples R China;
11.Fudan Univ, Inst Atmospher Sci, Shanghai, Peoples R China;
12.Univ Calif Santa Barbara, Bren Sch Environm Sci & Management, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 USA;
13.Chinese Acad Sci, Northwest Inst Ecoenvironm & Resources, State Key Lab Cryospher Sci, Lanzhou, Gansu, Peoples R China;
14.Peking Univ, Coll Urban & Environm Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China;
15.Japan Agcy Marine Earth Sci & Technol, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan;
16.Univ Tsukuba, Fac Life & Environm Sci, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan;
17.Nanjing Univ, Sch Atmospher Sci, Nanjing, Jiangsu, Peoples R China;
18.San Diego State Univ, Dept Math & Stat, San Diego, CA 92182 USA;
19.Univ Twente, Fac Geoinformat & Earth Observat, Enschede, Netherlands;
20.NCAR RAL, Boulder, CO USA;
21.Univ Maryland, Dept Geog Sci, College Pk, MD 20742 USA;
22.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Atmospher Phys, LASG, Beijing, Peoples R China;
23.Texas A&M Univ, Dept Biol & Agr Engn, College Stn, TX 77843 USA;
24.Texas A&M Univ, Zachry Dept Civil Engn, College Stn, TX 77843 USA;
25.Environm & Climate Change Canada, Saskatoon, SK, Canada;
26.Chinese Acad Sci, Chengdu Inst Biol, Chengdu, Sichuan, Peoples R China;
27.Pacific Northwest Natl Lab, Richland, WA 99352 USA;
28.Chengdu Universi Informat Technol, Sch Atmospher Sci, Chengdu, Sichuan, Peoples R China;
29.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Atmospher Phys, Beijing, Peoples R China.
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yao, TD ,Xue, YK ,Chen, DL ,et al. Recent Third Pole's Rapid Warming Accompanies Cryospheric Melt and Water Cycle Intensification and Interactions between Monsoon and Environment: Multidisciplinary Approach with Observations, Modeling, and Analysis[J]. BULLETIN OF THE AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY,2019,100(3):423-444.
APA Yao, TD .,Xue, YK .,Chen, DL .,Chen, FH .,Thompson, L .,...&Li, Q .(2019).Recent Third Pole's Rapid Warming Accompanies Cryospheric Melt and Water Cycle Intensification and Interactions between Monsoon and Environment: Multidisciplinary Approach with Observations, Modeling, and Analysis.BULLETIN OF THE AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY,100(3),423-444.
MLA Yao, TD ,et al."Recent Third Pole's Rapid Warming Accompanies Cryospheric Melt and Water Cycle Intensification and Interactions between Monsoon and Environment: Multidisciplinary Approach with Observations, Modeling, and Analysis".BULLETIN OF THE AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY 100.3(2019):423-444.
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