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Reduced chemical weathering intensity in the Qaidam Basin (NE Tibetan Plateau) during the Late Cenozoic
Bao, J (Bao, Jing)1,2,3; Song, CH (Song, Chunhui)1,2; Yang, YB (Yang, Yibo)4; Fang, XM (Fang, Xiaomin)4; Meng, QQ (Meng, Qingquan)1,2; Feng, Y (Feng, Ying)1,2; He, PJ (He, Pengju)1,2
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF ASIAN EARTH SCIENCES
2019
Volume170Issue:0Pages:155-165
DOI10.1016/j.jseaes.2018.10.018
Abstract

Cenozoic basin sediments around the Tibetan Plateau are valuable archives that can be used to reveal long-term interactions among tectonics, climate and weathering. However, the reconstruction of silicate weathering histories in this tectonically active region is consistently hindered by the presence of frequently embedded conglomerate and sandstone in the long sedimentary sequences. Here, we present detailed geochemical compositions of the clay components of the sediments in the Huaitoutala section (ca. 15.3-1.8 Ma) of the northeastern Qaidam Basin to reconstruct the chemical weathering history of the catchment since the Middle Miocene. Major element ratio proxies reveal evidence of four stages of change: from ca. 15.3 to 12.6 Ma, in which the clay components are characterized by relatively high Chemical Index of Alteration (CIA) values (75-88, average = 81) but low mobile/immobile oxide ratios (e.g., K2O/Al2O3, Na2O/Al2O3 and CaO/Al2O3), thus indicating the occurrence of intense chemical weathering conditions; from ca. 12.6 to 6.6 Ma, in which decreasing CIA values, together with increasing mobile/immobile oxide ratios, suggesting that a long-term decrease in silicate weathering intensity occurred in the source area; from 6.6 to 2.6 Ma, in which the clay components in the sediments exhibit persistently low CIA values (66-81, average = 76.8) and high oxide ratios, which are indicative of mild to moderate chemical weathering; and since 2.6 Ma, in which the CIA values (64-80, average = 75.5) have continued to decrease with increasing oxide ratios, thus reflecting mild chemical weathering conditions. The geochemical proxy records demonstrate that the intensity of chemical weathering has continually decreased and that the Qaidam Basin has experienced continuous aridification since ca. 12.6 Ma. We suggest that Middle-Miocene global cooling-related drying has exerted a significant influence on the trend of decreasing chemical weathering intensity since ca. 12.6 Ma. In addition, the Late Cenozoic rapid uplift and exhumation of the NE Tibetan Plateau could have limited the time that the silicate rocks were exposed in the weathering profile prior to the deposition, which may have led to their weakened intensity of chemical weathering.

Subject AreaGeosciences
WOS IDWOS:000460713200013
Language英语
Indexed BySCI
KeywordApatite Fission-track Resolution Magneto Stratigraphy Tectonic Uplift Climate-change Isotopic Constraints Sedimentary Records Northeastern Margin Qinghai Province Northern Margin Central-asia
WOS Research AreaGeology
WOS SubjectGeosciences, Multidisciplinary
Cooperation Status国内
ISSN1367-9120
Department大陆碰撞与高原隆升
URL查看原文
PublisherPERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
SubtypeArticle
Citation statistics
Cited Times:6[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.itpcas.ac.cn/handle/131C11/9408
Collection图书馆
Corresponding AuthorSong, CH (Song, Chunhui)
Affiliation1.Lanzhou Univ, Sch Earth Sci, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, Peoples R China;
2.Lanzhou Univ, Key Lab Mineral Resources Western China Gansu Pro, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, Peoples R China;
3.East China Univ Technol, Sch Earth Sci, Nanchang 330013, Jiangxi, Peoples R China;
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Tibetan Plateau Res, Key Lab Continental Collis & Plateau Uplift, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Bao, J ,Song, CH ,Yang, YB ,et al. Reduced chemical weathering intensity in the Qaidam Basin (NE Tibetan Plateau) during the Late Cenozoic[J]. JOURNAL OF ASIAN EARTH SCIENCES,2019,170(0):155-165.
APA Bao, J .,Song, CH .,Yang, YB .,Fang, XM .,Meng, QQ .,...&He, PJ .(2019).Reduced chemical weathering intensity in the Qaidam Basin (NE Tibetan Plateau) during the Late Cenozoic.JOURNAL OF ASIAN EARTH SCIENCES,170(0),155-165.
MLA Bao, J ,et al."Reduced chemical weathering intensity in the Qaidam Basin (NE Tibetan Plateau) during the Late Cenozoic".JOURNAL OF ASIAN EARTH SCIENCES 170.0(2019):155-165.
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