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学科主题: 地球科学::地质学
题名: Xenoliths in ultrapotassic volcanic rocks in the Lhasa block: direct evidence for crust-mantle mixing and metamorphism in the deep crust
作者: Wang, R (Wang, Rui)1; Collins, WJ (Collins, William J.)2; Weinberg, RF (Weinberg, Roberto F.)3; Li, JX (Li, Jin-xiang)4; Li, QY (Li, Qiu-yun)5, 6; He, WY (He, Wen-yan)7; Richards, JP (Richards, Jeremy P.)8; Hou, Z (Hou, Zengqian)5; Zhou, LM (Zhou, Li-min)9; Stern, RA (Stern, Richard A.)8
通讯作者: Wang, R
刊名: CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY
发表日期: 2016
DOI: 10.1007/s00410-016-1272-6
卷: 171, 期:7, 页:62
收录类别: SCI
合作性质: 国际
文章类型: Article
英文摘要: Felsic granulite xenoliths entrained in Miocene (similar to 13 Ma) isotopically evolved, mantle-derived ultrapotassic volcanic (UPV) dykes in southern Tibet are refractory meta-granitoids with garnet and rutile in a near-anhydrous quartzo-feldspathic assemblage. High F-Ti (similar to 4 wt.% TiO2 and similar to 3 wt.% F) phlogopite occurs as small inclusions in garnet, except for one sample where it occurs as flakes in a quartz-plagioclase-rich rock. High Si (similar to 3.45) phengite is found as flakes in another xenolith sample. The refractory mineralogy suggests that the xenoliths underwent high-T and high-P metamorphism (800-850 degrees C, >15 kbar). Zircons show four main age groupings: 1.0-0.5 Ga, 50-45, 35-20, and 16-13 Ma. The oldest group is similar to common inherited zircons in the Gangdese belt, whereas the 50-45 Ma zircons match the crystallization age and juvenile character (epsilon Hf-i +0.5 to +6.5) of Eocene Gangdese arc magmas. Together these two age groups indicate that a component of the xenolith was sourced from Gangdese arc rocks. The 35-20 Ma Miocene ages are derived from zircons with similar Hf-O isotopic composition as the Eocene Gangdese magmatic zircons. They also have similar steep REE curves, suggesting they grew in the absence of garnet. These zircons mark a period of early Miocene remelting of the Eocene Gangdese arc. By contrast, the youngest zircons (13.0 +/- 4.9 Ma, MSWD = 1.3) are not zoned, have much lower HREE contents than the previous group, and flat HREE patterns. They also have distinctive high Th/U ratios, high zircon delta O-18 (+8.73-8.97 parts per thousand) values, and extremely low epsilon Hf-i (-12.7 to -9.4) values. Such evolved Hf-O isotopic compositions are similar to values of zircons from the UPV lavas that host the xenolith, and the flat REE pattern suggests that the 13 Ma zircons formed in equilibrium with garnet. Garnets from a strongly peraluminous metatonalite xenolith are weakly zoned or unzoned and fall into four groups, three of which are almandine-pyrope solid solutions and have low delta O-18 (+ 6 to 7.5 parts per thousand), intermediate (delta O-18 + 8.5 to 9.0 parts per thousand), and high delta O-18 (+ 11.0 to 12.0 parts per thousand). The fourth is almost pure andradite with delta O-18 10-12 parts per thousand. Both the low and intermediate delta O-18 groups show significant variation in Fe content, whereas the two high delta O-18 groups are compositionally homogeneous. We interpret these features to indicate that the low and intermediate delta O-18 group garnets grew in separate fractionating magmas that were brought together through magma mixing, whereas the high delta O-18 groups formed under high-grade metamorphic conditions accompanied by metasomatic exchange. The garnets record complex, open-system magmatic and metamorphic processes in a single rock. Based on these features, we consider that ultrapotassic magmas interacted with juvenile 35-20 Ma crust after they intruded in the deep crust (>50 km) at similar to 13 Ma to form hybridized Miocene granitoid magmas, leaving a refractory residue. The similar to 13 Ma zircons retain the original, evolved isotopic character of the ultrapotassic magmas, and the garnets record successive stages of the melting and mixing process, along with subsequent high-grade metamorphism followed by low-temperature alteration and brecciation during entrainment and ascent in a late UPV dyke.
This is an excellent example of in situ crust-mantle hybridization in the deep Tibetan crust.
语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000380748500002
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.itpcas.ac.cn/handle/131C11/7662
Appears in Collections:图书馆_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.CSIRO Mineral Resources Flagship, Kensington, WA 6151, Australia
2.Univ Newcastle, NSW Inst Frontiers Geosci, Newcastle, NSW 2308, Australia
3.Monash Univ, Sch Earth Atmosphere & Environm, Clayton, Vic 3800, Australia
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Tibetan Plateau Res, Key Lab Continental Collis & Plateau Uplift, Beijing 100085, Peoples R China
5.Chinese Acad Geol Sci, Inst Geol, Beijing 100037, Peoples R China
6.Peking Univ, Sch Earth & Space Sci, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
7.China Univ Geosci, Sch Earth Sci & Resources, State Key Lab Geol Proc & Mineral Resources, Beijing 100083, Peoples R China
8.Univ Alberta, Dept Earth & Atmospher Sci, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E3, Canada
9.Chinese Acad Geol Sci, Natl Res Ctr Geoanal, Beijing 100037, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Wang, R ,Collins, WJ ,Weinberg, RF ,et al. Xenoliths in ultrapotassic volcanic rocks in the Lhasa block: direct evidence for crust-mantle mixing and metamorphism in the deep crust[J]. CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY,2016,171(7):62.
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